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Sir Leonard Franklin, OBE, JP, MP

Born:
1862
Died:
25 Kislev 5705 (11 December 1944)

Basic Information

Unique reference:
FRA6731
Other first name:
Benjamin
Gender:
Male

Birth

Date of birth:
1862
Place of birth:
London

Death

Date of death:
25 Kislev 5705 (11 December 1944)
Died in combat?:
No
Burial place:
Willesden Jewish Cemetery Section N, Row FPM, Plot 4

Places

Addresses

Parents' Home:
2 Leinster Terrace, Paddington, London (1871)
3 Cleveland Terrace, Paddington, London (1891)
The Grange Goudhurst, Cranbrook, Kent

Schools

Name:
King's College,
Name:
Athénée Royale

Synagogues

Name:
Hackney Synagogue
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Sir Leonard Franklin, OBE, JP, MP
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Voluntary Positions

Member of the Board of Management of Hackney Synagogue
Treasurer of the United Synagogue Burial Society
Helped finance the building of the Southend and Westcliffe Synagogue, Alexandra Road

http://www.goudhurstlocalhistorysociety.org/sir-leonard-franklin-1862-1944/

Leonard Benjamin Franklin was born into a Jewish family in 1862 in London. He was educated at King’s College School in London and at Athénée Royale in Brussels. He went on to study law and was called to the Bar at the Inner Temple in 1894. However, he never practised law but instead joined his father’s bank, A Keyser & Company, independent merchant bankers, in 1892. In 1929 Leonard was appointed as a senior partner in the company. His work took him all over the world to places such as: the Canary Islands, Gibraltar, Morocco, Argentina, France and the West Indies.
Outside of his work, Leonard was very active in social work with the Jewish Community in London and held respected positions in many synagogues. He was a vice-president of the Jewish Workingmen’s Club and of the South Hackney Jewish Social and Literary Society. He was on the Board of the Hackney Synagogue and was Treasurer of the Burial Board of the United Synagogue. He had also helped finance the building of the new Southend and Westcliff Synagogue, which he opened in 1912.
During World War 1, Leonard was appointed as Local Government Representative at Folkestone and tasked with dealing with the influx of refugees from Belgium, when the voluntary War Refugee Committee could no longer cope with the number of refugees arriving. Later he was posted to France to report on the finances of British Military Hospitals. In 1919 he was awarded the OBE for his work.
Leonard was an active member of the Liberal Party and stood for election several times in various London seats from 1910. Finally, in the general election of December 1923 he became MP for Hackney Central. But, at the October 1924 general election he lost his seat when the Conservatives regained control. He was made a Knight Bachelor in the King’s Birthday Honours List of 1932 for his political and public services.
In January 1888 Leonard had married Laura Agnes Ladenberg at the New West End Synagogue in Bayswater. They had four children: three daughters, Jeanette, Ruth and Adelaide, and one son, Adrian. Leonard and Laura started their married life in London but Leonard subsequently acquired The Grange in Goudhurst when Mrs Adele Newington sold it in 1901. After substantial rebuilding works, The Grange became his family home but he also retained a house in London for his work. In 1907 he became a Justice of the Peace for the Cranbrook Division, which included Goudhurst.

Opening of the Water Fountain and Drinking Trough 1910
The only memorial to the Franklin family in Goudhurst is the water fountain & horse trough which he had erected on The Plain. Before the advent of the motor car the only means of transport through Goudhurst was either on foot or by horse, and the steep hill leading into the village meant that pedestrians and horses alike arrived at The Plain both tired and thirsty. The offer by Leonard Franklin of a fountain near the pond in memory of his late parents, Ellis and Adelaide Franklin, was therefore enthusiastically welcomed by the Parish Council of the time. Neither of his parents lived in Goudhurst and although his mother died in 1902, it was after his father’s death in May 1909, perhaps feeling that he was well enough established in the village, that Franklin made his offer. The cattle trough and drinking fountain (as it was referred to by the newspapers of the day) was completed in October 1910 and Franklin received a “hearty vote of thanks” from the Parish Council. The photograph of the opening ceremony shows a large crowd of both adults and children gathered to celebrate the event, although the only identifiable figure is the elderly gentleman (Rev. James S Clarke, vicar of St Mary’s) with the beard and top hat standing immediately to the left of fountain. Since then, or at least until the advent of motorised transport, it was well used by thirsty horses, including those of the troops who passed through the village during the Great War. By 1935, however, Alfred Tiffin in his Goudhurst Jubilee Book was already lamenting that the travellers of his day were failing to appreciate it. Nowadays, the trough is planted with flowers and the drinking fountain is no longer in use.
Sir Leonard Benjamin Franklin OBE JP died at home on 11 December 1944 aged 82 years. His wife, Laura, continued to live at The Grange and survived him by 8 years, dying on 20 February 1952 aged 85 years. Like his parents, both Leonard and his wife are buried in Willesden Jewish Cemetery.

His cousin was Herbert Samuel MP

http://www.emilythornberry.com/speech_to_the_unite_against_fascism_national_conference

Emily Thornberry MP is married to one of his great grandsons

Jewish Chronicle Obituary, 15 December 1944

OBITUARY SIR LEONARD FRANKLIN The death occurred on Monday at the age of 82 of Sir Leonard B. Franklin, O.B.E. who gave the Jewish community many years of active service, particularly in Hackney. Sir Leonard was the senior partner in the firm of A. Keyser and Co., foreign bankers; and was also a member of the Bar and a member of both the Inner Temple and Lincolns Inn. The deceased was the third son of the late Ellis A. Franklin. His mother was a sister of the first Lord Swaythling.
Sir Leonard was greatly interested in Synagogal work. He was Treasurer of the Burial Society of the United Synagogue for many years, and also Chairman of the Associate Synagogues Committee. He was a member since its foundation of the Board of Management of the Hackney Synagogue, and generously aided the erection of the Southend and Westcliff Synagogue, which he opened in 1912. He was also a Warden of the New West-End Synagogue.
During the last war Sir Leonard gave considerable help in caring for Belgian refugees; he was awarded the O.B.E., and the King of Belgium created him an officer of the Order of the Crown. He was a lifelong Liberal. In 1910 and 1918 he unsuccessfully contested the North Paddington Division, and in 1922 South Pancras. The following year he was elected M.P. for Centra! Hackney. In later elections he was defeated. He expressed the opinion, in an interview with a JEWISH CHRONICLE representative, that it was the duty of Jewish members to defend the interests of their people in Parliament. “I am fully aware that we are sent to the House to represent our constituents, but this does not conflict with our duty of expressing the cause of our people and putting their case before the country." Sir Leonard was knighted in 1932, for political and public services.
He married in 1888 Laura Agnes, second daughter of William Ladenburg. They had one son, and three daughters, The second of whom is the widow of Brigadier F. H. Kisch, who was killed in Tunisia

Family

Spouse

Laura Agnes Landenburg (female)
Other surname / Maiden name:
Franklin
Place of marriage:
New West End Synagogue, Bayswater
Country of marriage:
England

Children

Jeanette Franklin (female)
Ruth Franklin (female)
Adelaide Franklin (female)
Adrian Franklin (male)

Siblings

Frederick Franklin (male)
Edith Franklin (female)

Parents

Father: Ellis Franklin (male)
Mother: Adelaide Montagu (female)

Homefront

Occupation:
Local Government Representative at Folkestone
What was the impact of this:
When the voluntary War Refugee Committee could no longer cope with the number of refugees arriving he was appointed to deal with the influx of refugees from Belgium in Folkstone.
Later he was posted to France to report on the finances of British Military Hospitals. In 1919 he was awarded the OBE for his work.

Other Occupations

Type of employment:
Stock Broker
Date started:
1891
Position:
Agent
Type of employment:
Called to the Bar
Date started:
1894
Position:
Inner Temple
Type of employment:
Banker
Position:
Senior Partner
Organisation:
A. Keyser & Co
Type of employment:
Member of Parliament
Date started:
1923
Date left:
1924
Position:
Member for Hackney Central
Organisation:
Liberal
Type of employment:
Justice of the Peace
Organisation:
Cranbrook Division

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