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Frederick Baruch-Sholto

18 Nisan 5651 (26 April 1891)

Basic Information

Unique reference:
Other surname:


Date of birth:
18 Nisan 5651 (26 April 1891)
Place of birth:
Date arrived in Britain:


Died in combat?:
 < Close personal journey map
Personal Journey map
Frederick Baruch-Sholto

Reason behind 'Shultz-Baruch'

Frederick's father was a very good German and looked down on Jews, so hated his name being 'Baruch'. He married an American woman, Carrie Shultz and tried to get his name changed to Shultz but was told that the man couldn't take the woman's name so after haggling with his lawyer he was able to become 'Shultz-Baruch'

The German Army , 1911

In 1911, Fred was conscripted into the German army and served for none year. He kept his ears open and heard gossip about pushing the French and the Poles west and decided he should better leave, so traveled to England in 1912.

Meeting his friend, Charlie Greenberg

When Fred came to England, he fluctuated between London and Birmingham because he had an uncle in Birmingham. One day in London, he entered Lyons teashop in Willesden and begun chatting to a young English lad, Charlie, and became fast friends.

After drinking for hours, both completely unemployable (Charlie had just left school and Fred was German), Charlie invited Fred to his house for Friday Night Dinner. It was at this dinner that Fred met his future wife, Irene and decided that he would get to know the rest of the family as he quite liked them.

Outbreak of war and internment, 1914

By the outbreak of war Fred had found himself a job in Tottenham at Albion Sewing Cotton Company. Once the war had been going for around a week, he turned up at work and saw chalk on the wall "This store employs German enemies," so he was promptly fired as his employment was bad for business.

Just after being fired, he was also suddenly arrested for being a German and held at Alexandra Palace before being shopped to the Isle of Mann and kept in an internment camp near Peele.

Entering British Intelligence and change of identity from Baruch-Shultz to Sholto

Charlie was a dispatch rider in France and his father, Leopold Greenberg was desperately trying to get him reassigned somewhere safer. In talks with the war office, he was told that they wanted a German, who was born in Germany and had served in the German army. Leopold mentioned Fred to them and suddenly Fred was shipped back to Liverpool from the Isle of Mann.

On the way to Liverpool he was accompanied by two privates and a Lieutenant but the privates left him in Liverpool and only the Lieutenant accompanied him back to London. They arrived in Euston and a cab took them to Debenham and Freebody. They went to the top floor, the Lieutenant pushed a mirror and it opened into a room full of German soldiers, much to Fred's horror. Of course, they were working for the British.

They changed his name to Fred Sholto, and he was told that he was born in Birmingham and was a potato merchant.

After this, he was sent to Newcastle and told to report to the Quay and subsequently taken away in a Submarine. A day later he was dropped off in Sweden and found Charlie Greenberg in the same hotel - Leopold had been successful and Charlie was now also part of British Intelligence.

Escaping German capture and living in Norway

Apparently the German's broke the British codes and began arresting people one by one. One day the phone rang in Fred's hotel in Stockholm and it was the German embassy calling and they spoke to him in German. Fred smelt a rat because there was no way for them to know that he spoke German but he told them he'd come to the embassy. He quickly packed his bags, went to the station and caught the first train the Norway.

He spent three years in Norway and learnt Norwegian during his time there. Although Charlie was not as lucky as was caught by the German's in Stockholm, he was released after two years and joined Fred in Norway.

There is no real knowledge of what Fred and Charlie did in Norway, as they signed oaths of secrecy but William (Fred's son), thinks that they were supposed to talk to German sea captains and become friendly, before asking them what they had on their ships.



Irene Matilda Greenberg (female)
Place of marriage:


William Sholto (male)
Pamela Sholto "Pam" (female)
Peggy Sholto (female)


Father: Arnold Baruch-Shultz (male)
Mother: Caroline Baruch "Carrie" (female)

Military Record

Military service:
British Intelligence

Other Occupations

Type of employment:
Date left:
Albion's Sewing Cotton Company

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London Jews in the First World War - We Were There Too

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